The most interesting part of the post is this one: "Google directly hosts many feed producers (e.g. Blogger is one of the largest feed sources on the web) and is a feed consumer too (e.g. many webmasters use feeds to tell our Search system about changes on their sites). Our PuSH hub offers easy access to hundreds of millions of Google-hosted feeds, as well as hundreds of millions of other feeds available via the PuSH ecosystem and through active polling." And something else: "We are planning some improvements to the Feed API, as part of our ongoing infrastructure work."
This means that Google's feed processing backend will continue to exist, but will focus on the Google Feeds API and Google Search index updates. Google Feeds API will also continue to exist and third-party feed readers could use it. All of this was an important part of the Google Reader backend, but Google Reader also had to manage subscriptions, labels, the read/unread state, create a search index for each user.
Hopefully, this also means that Google's services will continue to offer feeds. Maybe, at some point, even Google+ could add support for feeds.
Update: Google Feedfetcher is still running and shows almost the same number of subscribers. Here's a screenshot from FeedBurner:
"Feedfetcher is how Google grabs RSS or Atom feeds when users choose to add them to their Google homepage or Google Reader. Feedfetcher collects and periodically refreshes these user-initiated feeds, but does not index them in Blog Search or Google's other search services (feeds appear in our search results only if they've been crawled by Googlebot)." - from Google's help center.
Tomek Wasiak noticed Google Feedfetcher in his site's logs today. He subscribed to the site's feed in Google Reader and he's the only subscriber.