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June 18, 2011

Chromification of the Operating System

Three years ago, when Google launched Chrome many people wondered if it will be successful. Chrome became a very popular browser, with more than 160 million active users, but its most important achievement was accelerating the development of all the other browsers and shifting their priorities from adding UI features to removing clutter, making them faster and better suited for running Web apps. Internet Explorer embraced HTML5, Firefox started to update more often, Opera simplified its interface. Google started from the scratch and created a browser for today's Web apps.

For some, Chrome OS may seem pointless. Why buy a notebook that can only run a single program, when you can install Chrome on your existing computer? But why switch from Firefox to a browser that doesn't support advanced extensions? After all, Firefox is a lot more customizable than Chrome since any extension can dramatically alter the interface and integrate with the browser. It turns out that Firefox extensions can sometimes slow down the browser, some use a lot of resources, they're difficult to update and every new major release can break them. Chrome's extensions are less powerful, but they don't slow down the browser, they're easier to develop and to maintain and major new releases rarely break them.

Just like Chrome influenced all the other important browsers, Chrome OS will change the other operating systems. Sandboxing applications can make the operating system a lot more secure, saving your settings and files online allows you to use them from any other computer, Web applications are powerful enough to replace some of the native apps and they don't live on your computer, so they can be constantly updated. Even Windows intends to switch to "Web-powered apps built using HTML5 and JavaScript that have access to the full power of the PC" in the next major release, while still supporting "legacy" apps. It's obvious that most of the apps will eventually migrate to the Web and Chrome OS is better suited to support them because it doesn't have to worry about legacy apps and because it's designed just like a Google Web app: constantly updated, fast, clutter-free. "The future is already here – it's just not evenly distributed," said William Gibson. Chrome OS is ready... when you are.

{ image from the Chrome Comic Book, licensed by Google as Creative Commons }


  1. "Google started from the scratch ..."

    Well, not quite, they started from WebKit.

  2. Chrome's extensions are less powerful, but they don't slow down the browser
    That is not true!
    chrome extension CAN slow down the browser.
    for example at one point adblock slowed down yahoo mail by about 10 seconds (if you don't believe me go search for the bug report). while this has since been fixed it proves that chrome extensions can slow down the browser.
    Chrome also starts much slower when you install a whole lot of extensions.
    my extensions in chrome crash the browser way more than my firefox ones do.

    by the way it is not that i think chrome did not influence the other browsers it is just that what you say about the extensions is just not true!

  3. Extensions may slow down page loading, but they don't slow down the browser. The main reason is that extensions run in separate processes.

  4. Okay... although I don't see how that really helps!
    and I am sure that chrome starts slower with more extensions installed.

  5. I've installed 13 extensions and Chrome still loads in less than one second (almost instantly). My extensions: Better Music Beta for Google Music, FlashBlock, Google Chrome to Phone Extension, Google Talk, Google Web History Updater, Image Properties Context Menu, LastPass, Page Speed, Rapportive, Readability, RSS Subscription Extension (by Google), Scratchpad, Search by Image (by Google).

  6. The greatest selling point of Chrome Os is the promise of never having to "manage" software again. All I want to do with a computer is keep working on real tasks--and not be a constant nanny to its nuts and bolts.


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